Tuesday, July 28, 2015

925: Hispanic Heritage Month Celebration: September 15

WORDS TO KNOW:  
accomplishments
anniversary
athletes
census
Honduras
independent
numerous
origin
prize
singers

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924: Tonita Pena: Artist of the Pueblos

WORDS TO KNOW:  
according
attended
ceremonies
collections
culture
museum
painting
pueblo
talent
Tonita

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923: King of the Road: The Harley-Davidson Motorcycle

WORDS TO KNOW:  
built
designed
fame
famous
military
motorcycle
powerful
recognition
streamlined
worldwide

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922: Ralph Bunche: First African American Nobel Peace Prize Recipient

WORDS TO KNOW:  
building
Bunche
conflicts
decolonization
fairness
Harvard
international
monument
Ralph
renowned

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921: Diego Rivera: Master Mural Painter

WORDS TO KNOW:  
considered
Diego
express
huge
incorporate
influences
large
managed
Mexico
murals
radical

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917: The USS Arizona: A Most Unique and Fitting Memorial

WORDS TO KNOW:
bottom
ceremonies
contains
leaking
memorial
pearl
underwater
USS Arizona

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916: Girls at Bat: The All-American Girls Professional Baseball League

WORDS TO KNOW:  
baseball
behavior
delight
engaged
improve
league
participation
professional
stereotype
strict


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915: J.R.R. Tolkien: Creator of Middle-earth

WORDS TO KNOW:  
certainly
contributions
genre
including
inhabited
inkling
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien
languages
literature
refined

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914: Joining East and West: Chinese Americans and the Transcontinental Railroad

WORDS TO KNOW:  
dangerous
engineering
hazardous
Mexican
previously
required
Sierra
two-thirds
without

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913: Gwendolyn Brooks: African American Pulitzer Prize Poet

WORDS TO KNOW:  
Allen
audience
bronze
Brooks
Brownsville
fascinated
Gwendolyn
Illinois
laureate
Mecca
observations
philosophy
poems
position
published
Pulitzer

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912: Roy Campanella: Baseball's Legendary Catcher

WORDS TO KNOW:  
agile
Baltimore
charity
Elites
exceptionally
desegregate
organizations
paralyzed
Philadelphia
physical
Roy Campanella
semiprofessional
unencumbered
unfortunately

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910: To the Shores of Tripoli: The Marine's Hymn

WORDS TO KNOW:  
Algiers
Barbary
blockaded
corps
crews
Decatur
engaged
European
government
incident
indignant
inspiration
international
lieutenant
Mediterranean
Philadelphia
respect
seized
squadron
tribute
Tripoli
Tunis

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909: The Human Skeletal System: A Collection of Bones

WORDS TO KNOW:  
appendicular
approximately
axial
birth
bone
cancellous
compact
essential
fuse
membrane
muscular
nourishment
periosteum
phosphorous
skeleton
spongy
sternum



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908: The Human Heart: A Great Circulation Pump

WORDS TO KNOW:  
aorta
artery
atria
chambers
circulating
dioxide
nutrients
oxygen
oxygenated
pulmonary
septum
transmit
vein
ventricle
vessel

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907: A Disaster Waiting to Happen: The Johnstown Flood

WORDS TO KNOW:  
Alleghany
avoided
barbed
collapse
destruction
disasters
engineers
industrial
inhabitants
Johnstown
leaks
maintain
massive
Pennsylvania
planning
reservoir
system
thunderclap

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905: Mount Rushmore: Four Famous Faces

WORDS TO KNOW:  
Borglum
calculated
carvings
chisels
Dakota
determined
durable
dynamite
glutton
Gutzon
marvel
memorial
Roosevelt
Rushmore

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904: It's All in Your Head: The Amazing Human Brain

WORDS TO KNOW:  
bodily
callosum
cerebellum
cerebrum
circulating
communication
complex
coordination
digesting
hemisphere
involuntary
medulla
necessary

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903: Smoking: A Deadly Habit

WORDS TO KNOW:  
advisable
anniversary
campaigns
cigars
circulation
companies
detrimental
developing
disease
excess
frequently
glamorous
heroin
illusion
incidence
ingredient
monoxide
nicotine
pressure
quitting
respiratory
studies
teenagers

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902: Pizza: A Favorite Through the Ages

WORDS TO KNOW:  
Aeneid
Cato
excavation
immigrants
industry
Margherita
mozzarella
Naples
peasant
pizzaiola
Pompeii
population
Virgil
Vesuvius


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901: The Iditarod: The Last Great Dog Sled Race

WORDS TO KNOW:  
Anchorage
blizzard
commemorative
designed
diphtheria
endurance
Iditarod
isolated
mushers
Nenana
Nome
terrain
tremendous
tundra

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Saturday, July 25, 2015

825: Buffalo Soldiers: African American Trailblazers

WORDS TO KNOW:   
African
American
buffalo
civil
during
fought
integrated
miles
regiments
soldiers
stamina
trailblazers
wars

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824: Olympics: An Ancient Tradition

WORDS TO KNOW:   
ancient
celebrations
course
fewer
Greek
highlight
important
millions
Olympics
originated
qualified
religious
sporting
worldwide

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823: Graphite Reactor: The World's First Nuclear Reactor

WORDS TO KNOW:   
contributions
create
graphite
important
nuclear
project
reactor
reasons
ridge
security
visiting
visitors

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822: Hispanic Heritage

WORDS TO KNOW:   
according
Americans
census
culture
descendants
Hispanic
important
Indies
people
result
Spanish

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821: Pacific Coast: The Last Frontier

WORDS TO KNOW:   
Alaska
coast
continental
diversity
Oregon
Pacific
region
rich
treasures
United States
Washington
western

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820: Southwestern United States: The Mighty Four

WORDS TO KNOW:   
American
Arizona
desert
enormous
establish
forest
landmarks
petrified
pueblos
ranches
region
southwestern

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819: Why Seven Wonders?

WORDS TO KNOW:   
buildings
canyon
centuries
Egypt
leaning
philosophy
Pisa
pyramids
monument
Taj Mahal
tower
wonders

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817: John James Audobon: A Natural Artist

WORDS TO KNOW:   
Audubon
eventually
famous
French
Haiti
James
judged
Kentucky
Louisville
partner
protection
publisher
southeastern
wildlife

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816: The Cherokee Trail of Tears: 1828 to 1839

WORDS TO KNOW:   
American
barefoot
Cherokee
citizen
continued
discover
government
gradually
ordered
removal
Tennessee
trail

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815: Olympic Torchbearers: Keepers of the Flame

WORDS TO KNOW:   
Amsterdam
announced
coworkers
extinguish
inspired
introduced
modern
Olympics
ordinary
overcome
symbolized
torchbearers

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814: Oak Ridge: Secret City

WORDS TO KNOW:   
atomic
beginnings
cheaper
commission
course
laboratory
Manhattan
nations
potential
rowing
scientific
technically
Tennessee
uranium
weapons

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807: Roberto Clemente: Baseball Superstar and Humanitarian

WORDS TO KNOW:   
association
considered
graduated
Hispanic
humanitarian
minor leagues
national
Nicaragua
Pittburgh
Puerto Rican
Puerto Rico
Roberto Clemente
waived

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806: Ancient Greeks: Ancestors of Today

WORDS TO KNOW:  
ancient
architects
civilization
colleges
columns
democracy
explanation
Greece
Homer
philosopher
similarities
Socrates
still

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Tuesday, July 14, 2015

722: Do Paleontologists Carry Pails?

WORDS TO KNOW:
actually
equipment
evidence
field
fossils
information
knowledge
knowing
machines
paleontologist
prehistoric
protect
scientists
specialized
technical

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721: Getting There from Here

WORDS TO KNOW:
carriages
certainly
efficiently
invented
invention
locomotive
planetary
prehistoric
question
simply
stagecoaches
supersonic
wagons
watercraft

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720: Japanese Americans: Innocent Prisoners During World War II

WORDS TO KNOW:
beginning
California
deprived
executive
generation
government
Hawaii
immediately
imprisonment
Issei
Japanese
liberties
mainland
Nisei
relocation
survivors
wartime

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709: Ben Franklin: Author, Inventor, and Statesman

WORDS TO KNOW:
Benjamin
bifocals
colonies
conducted
health
invented
lending
Massachusetts
persuaded
Philadelphia
Poor Richard's Almanac
practical
published
revolution


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707: Susan LaFlesche Picotte: First Native American Woman Doctor

WORDS TO KNOW:
advocate
educated
government
Omaha
problems
prohibit
rapidly
reservation
Susan Laflesche Picotte
tribal
Walthill

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706: Tongass National Forest: America's Rainforest

WORDS TO KNOW:
Alaska
Cedar
concentrations
functions
harvested
preservation
rainforest
recreational
shoreline
timber
Tongass
undisturbed
wilderness

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703: Alligators: Prehistoric Reptiles

WORDS TO KNOW:
alligator
aggressive
centuries
creatures
dinosaur
lizards
Native Americans
nostrils
occasionally
pioneers
predators
propel
roamed
scaly
snouts
southeastern
species

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702: Ancient Egyptians Traveled to the New World

WORDS TO KNOW:
afterlife
arrived
believed
certain
devolved
difficult
Egyptians
embalming
important
included
jewelry
journey
mummies
objects
pyramids
servants
similar
tombs
wealthy

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422: The Azores: Portuguese Islands

WORDS TO KNOW:
Atlantis Island
Azores
exploration
military
Portugal
Portuguese
tourists
unspoiled
volcanoes
world

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421: Crispus Attucks: African American Patriot

WORDS TO KNOW:
believe
Boston Massacre
British
colonists
Crispus Attucks
England
martyr

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417: Mexico: U.S. Neighbor

WORDS TO KNOW:
American
beaches
century
country
Mexico
mountain
September
Spain
warmer
winter

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415: Wilbur and Orville Wright: The Flying Brothers

WORDS TO KNOW:
cultures
Dayton
faraway
fascinated
flying
gliders
globalization
invention
Orville Wright
Wilbur
young

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413: Gabriela Mistral: Teacher and Nobel Prize-Winning Author

WORDS TO KNOW:
afraid
American
Chile
Gabriela Mistral
literature
Lucila Godey Alcaya
Mexico
Nobel Prize
therefore

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412: Hero Street U.S.A.: Home to U.S. Veterans

WORDS TO KNOW:
Chicago
edge
enlisted
Hispanic
Illinois
information
Joe Terronez
military
monument
muddy
neighborhood
neighbors
patriotic
renamed
resident
Vietnam

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411: Bats: Flying Creatures of the Night

WORDS TO KNOW:
ankles
echolocation
flapped
horizontal
mammal
membrane
motion
navigation
supersonic
umbrella
unusual
webbed

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407: Water Bugs: Aquatic Insects

WORDS TO KNOW:
aquatic
backswimmer
boatman
common
floating
giant
insects
juices
largest
painful
several
swimmer

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405: Tigers: The Largest Cats

WORDS TO KNOW:
Bengal
cattle
endangered
Indochinese
Russian
Siberian
stomachs
Sumatran
Thailand
tigers

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404: Super Waves

WORDS TO KNOW:
barriers
battle
conically
constantly
continually
crashing
forces
shoreline
shores
surfboards

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403:Blankets of Air Above Us

WORDS TO KNOW:
altitude
atmosphere
blankets
closest
mesosphere
moisture
seventy-five
stratosphere
temperature
thermosphere
troposphere

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Saturday, July 4, 2015

621: Maria Tallchief: Prima Ballerina

WORDS TO KNOW:  
accomplished
ballerina
ballet
contributions
choreographers
ignore
lessons
magical
native
Oklahoma
Osage
promoter

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620: Balance of Power: Three Branches of Government

WORDS TO KNOW:  
armed
article
construction
created
dangerous
executive
judicial
legislative
responsible

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611: The Constitution: America's Most Important Document

WORDS TO KNOW:  
amendment
compromise
constitution
convention
delegate
elect
government
regardless

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610: Salmon: Uphill Fighters

WORDS TO KNOW:  
adventure
avoid
birthplace
consequently
contain
currents
dodge
embark
fertilize
frequently
obstacle
Omega
purpose
reportedly
reproduction
salmon
their

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609: Cells: Basic Units of Life

WORDS TO KNOW:  
alligator
complication
considerably
dangerous
elongated
health
Hooke
humankind
microscope
narrow
observation
observed
ongoing
resembled
specialize
ultimate
veins



604: The Great Lakes: North America's Freshwater Lakes

WORDS TO KNOW:  
bordered
boundaries
fertile
freshwater
Hamilton
Huron
important
metropolitan
Milwaukee
natural
Ontario
productive
resources
shallowest
square
Superior
supply
surface
Toronto
volume

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602: Granite: It's More Than Just a Rock

WORDS TO KNOW:  
countertops
decorative
feldspar
grained
granite
igneous
polished
magma
monument
mountains
obtain
quartz
shiny
sparkle
statues
subsequently
surrounded
unique
unusual
various

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325: Scott Joplin: Father of Ragtime Music

WORDS TO KNOW:  
buried
composer
considered
copies
headstone
million
musical
performed
published
Pulitzer
ragtime
rhythm
Treemonisha
unmarked

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324: Cesar Chavez: Champion of Migrant Farm Workers

WORDS TO KNOW:  
Arizona
better
boycott
Cesar Chavez
fought
general
grandfather
migrant
owners
strike
Yuma

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323: The Sioux: Buffalo Hunters

WORDS TO KNOW:  
buffalo
ceremonies
Dakota
droppings
hunters
rawhide
Sioux
stomach
tanning
tipis
woven

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321: Glaciers: Rivers of Ice

WORDS TO KNOW:  
boulders
flow
glaciers
melting
mountains
narrow
scrape
special
supplies
weather

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320: Caves: Underground Rooms

WORDS TO KNOW:  
Austria
cliff
discovered
famous
fossils
freeze
glaciers
lava
Mammoth
pounding
volcano

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319: Bones, Bones, Bones

WORDS TO KNOW:  
attached
calcium
develop
organs
movement
phosphorous
protective
vegetable

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318: Sounds: Moving Waveforms

WORDS TO KNOW:  
aluminum
horns
motion
noisy
produced
traveling
ultrasounds
vibrating

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317: Beware of Bears

WORDS TO KNOW:  
attracted
cabins
dense
enclosures
especially
exhibit
fascinated
flashlight
instead
national
powerful
surprised

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316: Blackbeard: A Fierce Pirate

WORDS TO KNOW:  
Blackbeard
bloody
bullets
captured
caused
covered
governor
pirate
ransom
revenge
Virginia

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315: Dolores Huerta: Labor Leader

WORDS TO KNOW:  
children
citizens
crops
different
divorced
Dolores Huerta
settled
spoke
union

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313: Hellen Keller: Triumph Over Tragedy

WORDS TO KNOW:  
expert
healthy
Helen
invented
poured
Radcliffe
raised
teacher
typewriter
understand

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312: A Mexican Fiesta

WORDS TO KNOW:  
bullfighting
celebrate
dancing
decorations
elaborate
fiestas
Mariachi
Mexican
parades
rodeos

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311: The Right to Read

WORDS TO KNOW:  
busy
citizens
countries
English
experts
fighting
international
language
license
literacy
poor
problems
programs
traffic

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309: Bridges: An Important Beginning

WORDS TO KNOW:  
arch
bridges
caves
concrete
floating
important
jungles
pontoon
railroad
Roman
rounded
steel
travelers





307: Whales: Huge Sea Mammals

WORDS TO KNOW:  
breathes
broad
dwarf
experienced
flippers
flukes
glossy
humpback
mammal
spouts
watchers
whales

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306: Seasons: Passages of Time

WORDS TO KNOW:  
axis
daylight
equinox
imaginary
passages
planet
season
solstice
temperature

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305: Camels: One Hump or Two?

WORDS TO KNOW:  
Arabia
camels
carrying
central
climates
curved
humps
hundred
mammals
riding
soles
swaying
together

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Wednesday, July 1, 2015

225: Chinese Kite Flying: A National Pastime

WORDS TO KNOW:
birds
dragon
kites
old
pretty
shapes
sky
young

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224: Harriet Tubman: Conductor of Freedom

WORDS TO KNOW:
dangerous
even
Harriet
marred
Maryland
north
railroad
slaves

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223: The Mexican Flag: Green,White, and Red

WORDS TO KNOW:
Aztecs
bands
batter
built
eagle
flag
independence
Mexico
rattlesnake

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222: Roads and Highways

WORDS TO KNOW:
concerts
crushed
distance
docks
own
roads
surfaces
there
unit
wagons

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221: Sharks: Amazing Fish

WORDS TO KNOW:
accident
attacked
killed
lifetime
naturally
ocean
quickly
sharks
whales

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219: Weather: It's What's Outside That Counts

WORDS TO KNOW:
atmosphere
attention
determines
humid
hurricanes
important
pressure
tornadoes
weather


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218: Ben Franklin: Inventor and Statesman

WORDS TO KNOW:
America
Boston
declaration
famous
Franklin
painted
Philadelphia
postmaster
rich
soap

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217: The Louisiana Purchase: A Good Deal

WORDS TO KNOW:
accepted
belonged
city
England
million
Mississippi
New Orleans
valley

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216: Jim Thorpe: Athlete of the Century

WORDS TO KNOW:
athlete
decathlon
Jim Thorpe
medals
Olympics
Sweden
swimmer

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215: The Great Wall: One of the World's Seven Wonders

WORDS TO KNOW:
able
across
climbed
hundreds
pace
watchtower
wide

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213: Rivers and Canals: Our Water Highways

WORDS TO KNOW:
connected
easily
horses
rivers
roads
wagons

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212: The Food Chain: A Cycle of Life

WORDS TO KNOW:
almost
chain
cycle
different
important
nutrients

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211: Boys and Girls Clubs: Great Places to Hang Out

WORDS TO KNOW:
changed
great
Hartford
roamed
skills
succeed

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209: The Ancient Kingdom of Kush

WORDS TO KNOW:
army
city
Kush
ivory
jewelry
Meroe
metal



208: Garter Snakes

WORDS TO KNOW:
attack
background
heat
people
prey
sleep
vibration

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207: Rosa Parks: Mother of the Civil Rights Movement

WORDS TO KNOW:
Alabama
better
boycott
fountain
honored
live
model
place

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206: The Model T: The Car That Changed America!

WORDS TO KNOW:
accidental
America
before
changed
effects
Model T
people
trucks

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205: Henry Ford: Automobile Manufacturer

WORDS TO KNOW:
auto
car
everyone
Ford
one
production
profit
today
together

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204: Baseball: A National Sport

WORDS TO KNOW:
adults
baseball
leagues
many
pads
pay
sport

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203: Maps: How to Read Them

WORDS TO KNOW:
directions
earth
important
maps
point
simple
tool
useful

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202: Mars: The Red Planet

WORDS TO KNOW: 
ancient
been
Mars
red
space
was
worshiped

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